The Chinese mission to extract samples from the far side of the moon is getting more interesting

Artist's conception of China's Chang'e 5 mission, which concluded in 2020.

Artist’s conception of China’s Chang’e 5 mission, which concluded in 2020.
clarification: CNSA

two years ago, The Chinese Chang’e 5 mission He made history by returning lunar samples to Earth for the first time in over 40 years. The mission’s successor, Chang’e 6, is not only designed to bring back a second set of samples from the far side of the moon — a feat that has never been attempted before —It will also carry four loads along the journey.

The Chang’e 6 mission is scheduled to launch from China’s coastal Wenchang spaceport in 2025 aboard a Long March 5 rocket. Unlike its predecessor, which landed on the near side of the moon, Chang’e 6 will head for To the south pole region of the Moon on the far side (the side of the Moon that never faces Earth) for sample collection duties.

In 2018, the China National Space Administration (CNSA) put out a call to international partners seeking to stop trip in flight. Of the 20 proposals, the space agency selected four to include in its Chang’e 6 mission, payloads from France, Italy, Sweden and Pakistan, CNSA. open In a press release.

The French space agency CNES will contribute Dorn (Detection of Radon Gases), an instrument designed to measure radon concentrations on the Moon, and will do so by observing the gas as it seeps from the lunar surface. Radon, a noble gas, is possible Guide That the moon came from the earth.

Chang’e 6 will also carry a laser repeaterbowing device that reflects concentrated light, From the Italian National Institute of Nuclear Physics – Frascati National Laboratories. The device will be used to measure the distance between Earth and the Moon.

the Negative ions in the lunar instrumentwhich will also be deployed by the Chang’e 6 lander Measurement of the solar wind This reflects from the surface of the moon when it reaches Moon. This tool is being developed by the Swedish Institute for Space Physics.

ICUBE-Q cubes from Pakistan Coming too Along the journey, it is designed to discover traces of water-Ice on the moon.

Besides its payloads, Chang’e 6 is poised for a more challenging mission than its predecessors. The probe is targeting the Moon’s South Pole-Aitken Basin (SPA), a massive impact crater that may be one of the oldest craters to have formed on the Moon’s surface. The probe will collect samples from the basin and place them on the ascent vehicle, which will be launched into lunar orbit. The vehicle will then dock with an orbiter, which will place the samples in an Earth-bound capsule. If successful, the mission will be the first to return surface samples from the far side of the moon.

China is making progress with its space program, which is a good part which focus on building a base on the moon. The Chinese space agency already has plans for Chang’e 7 and 8, which will focus on testing techniques necessary for construction Lunar science base.

It will be interesting to see how China’s plans clash with NASA’s Artemis program, which it is, too Pursuit To build a base for astronauts on the moon.

more: The Chinese rocket is now a cloud of orbital debris after disintegrating in space

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